WHAT IS BHOOMI POOJA? BHUMI PUJA EXPLAINED IN DETAILS.

WHAT IS BHOOMI POOJA?
Bhoomi pooja is a ritual performed in honour of Goddess Bhoomi and Vastu Purush (deity of directions). Bhoomi means Mother Earth. The Purpose: This pooja is believed to eradicate the ill effects and Vastu doshas in the land and pave the way for a smooth construction.

WHERE IS THE BHOOMI POOJA PERFORMED?
Bhoomi Pooja is always performed in the north-east corner of the construction site which is considered the sacred corner. The Reason: The digging of site should begin in the North-East corner to ensure that the North-East level is always lower than the rest of the site, thus allowing morning and constant light into the whole site.

WHICH DEITY IS WORSHIPPED DURING BHOOMI POOJA?
This Bhoomi pooja ritual is dedicated to Vastu Purusha, Goddess Bhoomi, Pancha boothas (the five elements of nature). This pooja takes place in accordance with Vastu Shastra guidelines. Also, the deity of directions is honoured so as to eradicate the ill effects and Vaastu doshas in the land.

DO’S AND DON’T’S AFTER THE PURCHASE OF LAND OR ‘BHOOMI’.
Compound wall: It is important to build the compound wall before constructing the house. The height of the south-west part of the wall should be higher in comparison to the other walls of the house. The east and north sides walls should be shorter than the south and west sides walls.
Plants: After the selection of the construction site, one must grow plants on the land.
Cow: Keeping a calf or cow in the land makes it all the more auspicious.
Bhoomi Pooja: Performing Bhoomi Pooja is very fruitful as it adds happiness and prosperity to an individual’s life.

WHO SHOULD PERFORM BHOOMI POOJA?
This pooja should be done by the head of the family along with his wife. Also, this ritual of honouring the Mother Earth must be done in the presence of a priest. An experienced priest will provide you with all the details for a Shubh Muhurat of the pooja. He can also help to carry out the task in the right way.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF DOING BHOOMI POOJA?
It is a priority to seek the blessings of Mother Earth prior to the construction of a building or use of land for the cultivation purpose. This ritualistic pooja purifies the site and ensures that the land is rid of all the evils and the negativities from the land are reduced. Moreover, the Bhoomi Pooja helps in the smooth completion of work without any hurdles.

The Reason: It gives business to the Priests but more importantly, by performing the pooja, the owner can psychologically feel that the well being of his family and safety is guaranteed. In case the land is used for agricultural purposes, then the pooja is believed to ensure better yields.

WHEN SHOULD ONE PERFORM BHOOMI POOJA?
The ideal months are : Shravan, Margshirsh, Paush, and Kartik are ideal for Bhoomi pooja.
Date: Vastu time dictates the date for Bhoomi puja. Many times it falls twice in a month.
The ideal days are: The suitable weekdays for this pooja are Monday and Thursday. These two days are very auspicious for this pooja. Also, one must avoid performing this pooja on Saturdays, Sundays and Tuesdays.
Pakshas: It is better to avoid, Divaskarma, Hadpaksha and Shraadh paksha for such auspicious activity.

WHAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED IN BHOOMI POOJA?
Days to be avoided: One must avoid performing this pooja on Saturdays, Sundays and Tuesdays. These days aren’t very auspicious for this pooja.
Pakshas to be avoided: It is better to avoid, Divaskarma, hadpaksha and shraadh paksha for such auspicious activity.
Teethis to be avoided: Fourth, Ninth and Fourteenth teethis are not ideal for this pooja.
Pregnancy: Avoid beginning the construction work in case a female in the household is more than seven months pregnant.

HOW DOES LUNAR CONSTELLATION IMPACT BHOOMI POOJA?
In selecting the auspicious date, one must identify the date of the lunar constellations. If the lunar day is between 1 to 7 or 19 to 28 then those days are inauspicious for performing the pooja. However, if it falls between 8 to 18 then that particular day is very auspicious.

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMING BHOOMI POOJA?
Cleaning of Site: The first step for performing the pooja is to clean the site. Also, one must clean the dirt and get rid of all trash holes from the area.
Digging a pit: Secondly, one must dig a pit in the north-east direction of the construction site.
Direction: Thirdly, the owner should sit facing East at the time of performing the pooja.
Idols: One should place the idols of Ganesha, Goddess Lakshmi and other deities that one worships on a clean platform.
Coconut: Then one places the coconut used in the pooja covered with red cloth in the ground. Also, silver idols of Naag and Naagin are placed inside the ground.
Lime: After the pooja 5 limes are placed in the 4 corners and in the centre of the site and crushed.
Pooja: The main ritual is the Ganesh pooja which marks the beginning of any auspicious work. Then a havan takes place.
The other major rituals include Devi pooja, taking a Sankalpa, shatkarma, pran pratishtha and Manglik dravya sthapana.

WHAT ARE THE ITEMS REQUIRED FOR BHOOMI POOJA?
Here’s a list of articles required for the Bhoomi Pooja. This will give you an idea of what is expected. It may vary according to the custom you follow.

Kumkum (red sindoor), Turmeric powder, Camphor /Karpuram, Sandalwood powder, Incense (agarbatti) sticks, Fruits, Flowers, set of Navaratnas (9 types of gems), a packet of dry dates, 5 Lemon (green limes), a set of Pancha Lohas (5 metals), 2 packets of Nava Dhanyam (9 types of seeds), coins- Quarters 40, a 1/2 meter long white cloth, a matchbox, lamp, cotton wicks, oil, 10 panchpatras, a plate, a kalash ( kalasam), 5 bricks, a bell, a bedsheet, 4 plastic plates, a gods picture and 5 foam cups etc.

WHAT IS THE COST OF PERFORMING BHOOMI POOJA?
This pooja will cost you between Rs.3500 to Rs.5500. To seek the blessings of the Vastu God one must perform this pooja under the guidance of an experienced priest.

OTHER THAN BHOOMI POOJA, WHAT ARE THE OTHER RITUALS TO BE PERFORMED BEFORE AND DURING CONSTRUCTION?
There are five rituals that should be followed before the construction of the house begins. These have been briefly described here: To know more in detail, go to Rituals Before Construction.

The first ritual is the Bhoomi or Vastu Pooja which is the offering of honour to the mother earth.
The second ritual is Balidaana which is the offertory ritual in Hinduism.
The third is Hala Karshaana where the levelling of the site is done.
The fourth ritual involves sowing of the seeds which is called Ankuraa- Roopana.
The fifth and last ritual before the start of construction is known as Shilaanyaasa which is the laying of the foundation stone